False Acacia or Black Locust

Latin Name : Robinia pseudoacacia

Makes a very large tree

The Black Locust or False Acacia or Common Acacia, makes quite a large tree. It is a native tree of the Eastern States of the USA and was introduced to France in the early 17th Centuary, and then on to us at some point.

….. with seriously sharp thorns

To say that it has thorns is to seriously understate the definition of the word ‘Thorn’. This tree has the mother of all thorns, and as any Tree Surgeon will tell you, they are no respecter of gloves.

Summer Foliage

The summer foliage of this tree is a lush green, to say the least. Being a member of the Pea Family of plants – Leguminosae – it has a leaf with multiple oval leaflets set either side of a central stalk, known as a Pinnate Leaf. These then fade to yellow in autumn before finally falling.

Typical bark

Quite rugged in appearance, with deep fissures in the trunk, this tree has quite brittle characteristics, and small branches snap quite easily.

Pea-Like Flowers

The slightly fragrant flowers are produced in racemes which hang down when formed generally in June, and make quite a show.

Ripened Seed Pods

And the purpose of it all is to reproduce, so here are the typical Leguminosae seed pods to complete the annual cycle of life.

The Yellow Leaved Variety

And just to finish off, Robinia pseudoacacia ‘Frisia’ is the most popular ‘ornamental’ variety. Bred in Holland just before the 2nd World War it started getting awards in the 1960s and remains quite a popular choice, contrasting well with purple leaved plants like the Smoke Bush.